Friday, March 31, 2017

Trump University Settlement New York

A federal judge on Friday gave final approval to a $25 million agreement to settle fraud claims arising from Donald J. Trump’s for-profit education venture, Trump University, rejecting a last-minute objection to the deal.

The judge, Gonzalo P. Curiel, in San Diego, issued his order after considering a challenge from Sherri Simpson, a former Trump University student from Fort Lauderdale, Fla., whose lawyers say she should have had a chance to opt out of the class-action settlement and individually sue President Trump, perhaps forcing a trial.

The civil settlement was not enough for Ms. Simpson, who wanted to see Mr. Trump tried on criminal racketeering charges. She also wanted an apology.

But Judge Curiel, in his ruling, sided with the class-action plaintiffs’ lawyers, who had urged him to approve the agreement, saying it was the best possible outcome for roughly 3,730 students. They could recoup more than 90 cents on the dollar of what they spent at Trump University.

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“The court finds that the amount offered in settlement is fair, adequate, and reasonable, and accordingly concludes that this factor weighs in favor of final approval,” wrote Judge Curiel, who approved the agreement and dismissed the objection in a 31-page order. It is subject to appeal.

The approval of the settlement, assuming it stands, brings to a close a case that garnered outsize national attention during Mr. Trump’s presidential campaign. He faced two suits in California and one in New York brought by Eric T. Schneiderman, the state attorney general.

The suits contended that Trump University students had been cheated out of thousands of dollars in tuition through high-pressure sales techniques and false claims about what they would learn. Mr. Trump and his lawyers continued to deny those claims, even after the settlement was first announced in November, soon after his election.

Mr. Schneiderman, in a statement, said the settlement would provide “relief — and hopefully much-needed closure — to the victims of Donald Trump’s fraudulent university.”

The plaintiff’s lawyers — who said they would waive their fees after years of litigating the case — applauded the decision, with one of them, Jason Forge, saying in an interview that it would be “bulletproof” if appealed. Mr. Forge said he was satisfied that former students, some of them elderly, would receive sizable payments as a result of the deal. “Once in a long while, this profession yields some good feelings,” he said. “This is one of those times.”

As they pushed for approval of the settlement, the plaintiffs’ lawyers said that the objection could cause delays in settlement checks being distributed or disrupt the deal by exposing Mr. Trump to individual lawsuits from former students like Ms. Simpson.

“What she is looking for is an apology, and you can’t get that,” Patrick Coughlin, another of the plaintiffs’ lawyers, said at a court hearing on Thursday.

Ms. Simpson’s lawyer, Gary Friedman, argued in court on Thursday that it was “not fair” for the case to reach “the point of settlement and say, ‘We’re not giving you the chance to opt out.’” When Judge Curiel reiterated during the hearing that a jury trial could lead to less favorable results, Mr. Friedman said, “That is a risk analysis that Sherri Simpson has the right to make.”

It is unclear if Ms. Simpson will appeal, and Mr. Friedman did not return messages seeking comment.

In a court filing last week, Mr. Trump’s lawyers asked the judge to give final approval to the settlement. Mr. Trump was motivated to agree to the sweeping deal because it would resolve the claims and avoid trial. His lawyers did not respond to request for comment.

Mr. Trump rebutted the fraud claims during his presidential bid, at one point questioning Judge Curiel’s impartiality based on his Mexican heritage. He pointed to positive reviews of the program and vowed to reopen the university after what he said would be a victory at trial.

His political opponents seized on the allegations, and angry former students — including Ms. Simpson — spoke out, painting Mr. Trump as a huckster who had conned ordinary people for personal profit.

After his election in November, Mr. Trump reversed course and agreed to pay $25 million to resolve the litigation. He did not admit fault, and he maintained in posts on Twitter after the settlement announcement that he “did not have the time to go through a long but winning trial on Trump U.”

The case was scheduled to go to trial late last year, setting up a situation in which Mr. Trump would have probably had to testify during his transition to the White House.

At trial, Mr. Trump would have faced reams of evidence about the business practices of Trump University. Dozens of students and instructors wrote sworn statements describing their experiences, with some calling it a fraud or describing how they were taken advantage of. Other materials, among them sales playbooks, described a technique that used “the roller coaster of emotions” to persuade students to pay for courses costing as much as $35,000 for the “Gold Elite” program.

The plaintiffs’ lawyers were surprised and disappointed that Ms. Simpson objected to the settlement, fearing that it would delay payments to other students for months, if not years.

Judge Curiel, who has overseen the case for the last four years, said at the hearing Thursday that the amount of money the plaintiffs would recover in the settlement was “extraordinary.” He said there would be significant hurdles to reaching a similar settlement during a trial.

Ms. Simpson’s lawyers argued that a 2015 notice to students about the class-action case gave the impression that they would have an opportunity to be excluded from a settlement at a later date. The class-action lawyers say that it was abundantly clear that students were required to opt out in 2015, and that Ms. Simpson’s lawyers mischaracterized the notice.

Judge Curiel wrote in his decision that t there is “no blanket rule that due process requires a settlement-stage opt-out opportunity.”

In 2010, Ms. Simpson, who is a lawyer herself, spent about $19,000 on Trump University programs. After the agreement was announced, she submitted a claim to partake in the settlement, before filing the objection.

In an interview earlier this week, Ms. Simpson said she hoped her objection would not “blow up the settlement.” But she said she believed she could fare better at trial.

“For him to go out there and say, well, ‘I didn’t do anything wrong,’ it’s disgusting,” she said. “I want an apology.”

Tuesday, January 24, 2017

The 89th Academy Awards list of nominations (oscar nominations 2017)


The 89th Academy Awards list of nominations (oscar nominations 2017)

Hacksaw Ridge
Hell or High Water
Hidden Figures
La La Land
Manchester by the Sea

Casey Affleck, Manchester by the Sea
Andrew Garfield, Hacksaw Ridge
Ryan Gosling, La La Land
Viggo Mortensen, Captain Fantastic
Denzel Washington, Fences

Isabelle Huppert, Elle
Ruth Negga, Loving
Natalie Portman, Jackie
Emma Stone, La La Land
Meryl Streep, Florence Foster Jenkins

Mahershala Ali, Moonlight
Jeff Bridges, Hell or High Water
Lucas Hedges, Manchester by the Sea
Dev Patel, Lion
Michael Shannon, Nocturnal Animals

Viola Davis, Fences
Naomie Harris, Moonlight
Nicole Kidman, Lion
Octavia Spencer, Hidden Figures
Michelle Williams, Manchester by the Sea

Kubo and the Two Strings
My Life as a Zucchini
The Red Turtle

La La Land

Fantastic Beasts and Where to Find Them
Florence Foster Jenkins
La La Land

Hacksaw Ridge
La La Land
Manchester by the Sea


Fire at Sea
I Am Not Your Negro
Life, Animated
O.J.: Made in America


4.1 Miles
Joe’s Violin
Watani: My Homeland
The White Helmets


Hacksaw Ridge
Hell or High Water
La La Land


Land of Mine
A Man Called Ove
The Salesman
Toni Erdmann


A Man Called Ove
Star Trek Beyond
Suicide Squad


La La Land


Audition (The Fools Who Dream), La La Land
Can’t Stop The Feeling, Trolls
City Of Stars, La La Land
The Empty Chair, Jim: The James Foley Story
How Far I’ll Go, Moana


Fantastic Beasts and Where to Find Them
Hail, Caesar!
La La Land


Blind Vaysha
Borrowed Time
Pear Cider and Cigarettes


Ennemis Intérieurs
La Femme et le TGV
Silent Nights


Deepwater Horizon
Hacksaw Ridge
La La Land


Hacksaw Ridge
La La Land
Rogue One: A Star Wars Story
13 Hours: The Secret Soldiers of Benghazi


Deepwater Horizon
Doctor Strange
The Jungle Book
Kubo and the Two Strings
Rogue One: A Star Wars Story


Hidden Figures


Hell or High Water
La La Land
The Lobster
Manchester by the Sea
20th Century Women

Saturday, January 14, 2017

Women's best ab workouts program

You hear it all day err' day—work your abs, abs, abs. It’s the base of every workout routine, and the body part you most want to show off come summertime. But who the hell has the time to do crunch after crunch, only to see barely a smidgen of definition? Not you. That's why we went to the pros to find out exactly which moves will make a noticeable difference, fast. (Coupled with healthy eating habits, natch, because you know abs are made in the kitchen). Get ready to work it, girl.

1. Cable Twist

Your core consists of so much more than just your upper and lower abs, says Adam Rosante, certified personal trainer and author of The 30-Second Body. “Your core actually includes everything from your pelvic floor all the way up through your spine, and its job is to stabilize the spine while your extremities are in motion,” he says. This move forces you to maintain that core stability while rotating your torso, giving you an extra burn on your obliques. (Want to get in shape, fast? Check out Women's Health's Ignite routine created by Next Fitness Star Nikki Metzger.)

Try it: Stand with your right side facing a cable stack. Set the cable at chest-height, and take the handle in your right hand with left hand clasped on top. Extend your arms out in front of you. With abs tight, twist your torso to the left, keeping your hands at the center of your chest the entire time. Return to the start. That’s one rep. Complete 10 reps to the left, then turn to face the opposite direction and complete 10 reps rotating to the right.

But be careful not to: Pull on the cable, which turns it into a shoulder exercise instead of an abs one. “Really be sure to keep your hands directly in front of your chest throughout the movement, and visualize your entire torso working in unison,” says Rosante. Oh, and don’t sweat it if you don’t have access to a cable machine. Rosante says you can use a resistance band instead—just anchor it at chest-height to a sturdy object, then follow the same instructions.

2. Stability Ball Knee Tucks

Unlike a crunch, which puts unnecessary—and unwanted—stress on the spine, this exercise safely works both your abs and overall core because you’re working on an unstable surface, says Fabio Comana, certified personal trainer and exercise physiologist at the National Academy of Sports Medicine (NASM).

Try it: With knees placed on the center of the stability ball and hands positioned firmly on the floor, walk your body out to a plank position so that your butt, shoulders, and head are aligned. (“Imagine a stick is resting on your spine; it should make contact with all three regions,” says Comana.) Engage your abs and hip flexors to bring your knees forward. As they move toward your chest, your spine will flex, activating your abs. Hold the tuck for a second or two, then slowly return to start. That’s one rep. Complete 10 to 15 reps.

But be careful not to: Compromise your plank position. “Remember to get that straight line all the way across,” says Comana. “If your hips are sagging toward the floor or hiked up like a pike, it’s not going to be very effective.” And don’t slack off on that knee movement. If you don’t bring the knees forward enough to flex the spine all the way into your chest you'll only be working the hip flexors, Comana says.

Sunday, December 25, 2016

Trump News Today

Inside the Trump Organization, the Company That Has Run Trump’s Big World

When Tiah Joo Kim arrived at the Manhattan headquarters of the Trump Organization to pitch a hotel and condominium project in Vancouver, British Columbia, he expected the famous company with ventures across the globe to come with capacious offices and a staff of hundreds. Instead, he was led through a mere two floors with what appeared to be no more than a few dozen employees. “Lean,” Mr. Tiah, a young Malaysian developer, remembers thinking as he walked the halls.

The first stop was a conference room, where Mr. Tiah was required to sell his vision to the boss’s three oldest children. Only after securing their support did he advance to the inner sanctum, with its sweeping views of Central Park.

Mr. Tiah was not sure what to expect from the man whose face was beamed around the world through the reality television show “The Apprentice,” but the conversation that afternoon in 2012 was casual and warm. Donald J. Trump spent more time showing off a Shaquille O’Neal shoe and a Mike Tyson championship belt — prize artifacts from his display of sports memorabilia — than interrogating Mr. Tiah on the details of his business plan. “You’re a good-looking guy,” Mr. Tiah recalled Mr. Trump telling him as he gave the project his blessing.

Then Mr. Trump’s trusted lawyers and other top executives swooped in to play hardball — working alongside Donald Trump Jr. to negotiate the confidential agreements that would allow the Vancouver development to be branded with Mr. Trump’s name and managed by his company. The talks consumed 16-hour days for nearly a week, Mr. Tiah said, explaining: “It was tiring. They’re tough.”
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The Trump White House
Stories on the presidential transition and the forthcoming Trump administration.

That is the way business has been done at the Trump Organization, a relatively small company with a big reach and a bigger self-image that has come under intense scrutiny as its chief prepares to become president of the United States.

With extensive entanglements around the world, many packaged in a network of licensing agreements and limited liability companies, the Trump Organization poses a raft of potential conflicts of interest for a president-elect who has long exerted such control over his company that, as he told The New York Times in a recent interview, he is the one who signs the checks. “I like to sign checks so I know what is going on,” he explained.

Mr. Trump — owner of all but the smallest sliver of the privately held company — has said that, while the law does not require it, he is formulating plans to remove himself and his older daughter, Ivanka, from the company’s operations. (Ms. Trump’s husband, Jared Kushner, is likely to have a role in the White House.) His sons Donald Jr. and Eric, along with other executives, will be in charge, the president-elect wrote on Twitter in mid-December, adding that “no new deals will be done during my term(s) in office.” People involved in the planning have said that Mr. Trump intends to keep a stake in the business.

But in recent weeks, amid rising pressure, Mr. Trump and his advisers have been intensely debating further measures. Among other things, the president-elect has agreed to shut down his personal foundation, has ended some international development deals and has reviewed a plan for an outside monitor to oversee the Trump Organization.

Yet an examination of the company underscores the complex challenges of taking Mr. Trump out of Trump the organization.

His company is a distinctly family business fortified with longtime loyalists that operates less on standardized procedures and more on a culture of Trump. Mr. Trump may leave the details of contracts to his deputies, but his name — and influence — is stamped on every deal the company does.

In an interview last spring with The Times, Mr. Trump explained that he approved new ventures based on his personal “feel.” And while in recent years his three oldest children have taken on more of a leadership role, Mr. Trump has the final say, sometimes weighing in on the most minute design details of planned hotels, golf courses or other properties the company owns or manages.

His other top executives — many of them natives of Queens, where Mr. Trump grew up, or Brooklyn, where his father, Fred, expanded a housing empire many years ago — have secured power not necessarily through fancy pedigrees or impressive credentials, but through decades of devotion to their boss.

Allen Weisselberg, the organization’s chief financial officer, started off as an accountant for Mr. Trump’s father. Matthew Calamari, the organization’s chief operating officer, was recruited in 1981 after Mr. Trump saw him eject some hecklers while working security at the United States Open tennis tournament.

For some executives, there appears to be little division between their service to the company and their service to the Trumps.

“We’re not a publicly traded company. At the end of the day, I work for the Trump family,” Alan Garten, the general counsel, explained in an interview with the legal industry publication Corporate Counsel shortly before the election. “That’s how I view my job. Whether it’s protecting their business interests or protecting their personal interests. I am here to assist them and represent them in any way they need.”

When asked to elaborate in an interview last week with The Times, Mr. Garten said that in any job, “you want to be as helpful as you can,” but that “obviously the interests of the Trumps and the interests of the company are two distinct things.”

The divisions between business and politics were often fuzzy during the presidential race: Mr. Garten became a “liaison” to Mr. Trump’s campaign; Michael Cohen, an executive vice president, tirelessly promoted his boss’s bid for the White House on television while battling negative media coverage; and Jason Greenblatt, the company’s chief legal officer, began serving as his adviser on Israel. On Friday, it was announced that Mr. Greenblatt would be joining Mr. Trump’s administration as a special representative for international negotiations.

After the election, other lines continued to blur as the president-elect and his children met with foreign businessmen with connections to their global ventures and with foreign officials with potential influence over their business dealings.

Some government-ethics lawyers have warned that unless Mr. Trump fully divests himself from the company and places someone independent of his family in charge, he risks entering the White House in violation of a constitutional clause that forbids him from taking payments or gifts from a foreign government entity.

As Mr. Trump assumes the presidency, it is difficult to foresee him walling himself off from the company entirely, said Michael D’Antonio, the author of a critical biography, “The Truth About Trump.”

“I don’t think that he could keep himself from inquiring about the performance of these businesses any more than he can keep himself from tweeting,” Mr. D’Antonio said. “It is just too vital to his identity. Profit is the way he has always measured himself. I don’t see how he can stop.”

‘Mom and Pop’ Shop

Mr. Trump may have business interests around the world, but his power is concentrated at a single Midtown Manhattan address: 725 Fifth Avenue. With a gleaming exterior that shoots to the sky, a lobby decked with marble and a collection of high-end tenants, Trump Tower is his primary residence as well as his company’s headquarters.

To get to work, Mr. Trump steps onto the private elevator in his gilded three-story penthouse, presses 26 and waits a matter of seconds. When the doors open, he is at his office, surrounded by Mr. Garten, Mr. Weisselberg and other top executives. One floor down are the offices of Donald Jr., Eric and Ivanka Trump, who joined the company in the 2000s and are now his top deputies and advance guard.

Click Here David Brecher, the chief executive of FM Home Loans, visited the Trump Organization about a decade ago to discuss a potential partnership and found the aesthetics telling.

“Donald’s floor,” he said, recalling a swirl of gold trim and hues, “is very his style.”

“The kids,” by contrast, “have a very cool floor. Sleek. Marble.”
Photographs of Mr. Trump with the rich and powerful adorn his office walls, and his desk often overflows with papers, evidence of his refusal to communicate by email.

When Mr. Trump wants to talk to someone, he calls out to his assistant, Rhona Graff, a Queens native whose office is right outside his door. She has been his gatekeeper for decades. Anyone seeking access to him over the phone has to go through Ms. Graff, sometimes with a secret code.

Mr. Trump often boasts of the size of the Trump Organization. “It’s a big company,” he said in the interview last spring. A spokeswoman said the business employed “tens of thousands.”

But industry experts estimate that no more than 4,000 people work for the Trump Organization worldwide. And executives say that the three floors that make up the headquarters appear to have no more than 150 employees.

It is a family business, as everyone involved is quick to explain. And the management structure is informal if not confusing, with deputies constantly buzzing in and out of the boss’s office.

“We kind of run a little bit like a mom-and-pop in that sense,” Donald Trump Jr. said in a 2011 deposition for a lawsuit involving a Florida development. “I guess there is an organizational chart, but in theory, there is not too many levels.” He added: “Could I make one? Yes. Is there one officially? Not that I’m aware of.”

Indeed, the elder Mr. Trump has tended to collect executives and assign duties through personal preference.

In 2004, Michelle Carlson was a young lawyer determined to move to California when a friend suggested that she meet with an acquaintance who could prove useful. She entered Mr. Trump’s office hoping to secure a recommendation she could use to find work with real estate developers in Los Angeles, and she encountered a warm welcome.

“I heard there was this nice Atlanta girl in the lobby,” she remembered Mr. Trump saying as he offered her a seat. Then came a series of direct questions: What were her responsibilities at her current job? How did she view her own strengths? In what areas did she want to grow?

Forty-five minutes later, Mr. Trump was convinced: “I’m not going to give you any recommendations in L.A. I’m going to hire you,” Mr. Trump told Ms. Carlson, who went on to spend almost four years as his assistant general counsel, often working 18-hour days with a small team of lawyers while taking on other responsibilities in the real estate division.

Andrew Weiss, a Romanian immigrant who grew up in Brooklyn, was hired straight out of graduate school in 1981, just as Mr. Trump was starting to make his mark. Thirty-five years later, having weathered many highs and lows with Mr. Trump, including the spectacular failure of his Atlantic City casinos, Mr. Weiss is still by his side, as executive vice president for development and construction.

Mr. Calamari, who started out as a bodyguard, also saw his role expand as he remained committed to his boss. Five years ago, his son Matthew Calamari Jr. joined the Trump Organization as a security guard. Today, he is the director of surveillance. Brian Baudreau, the general manager of the Trump International Hotel Las Vegas, began as a driver for Mr. Trump.

“My father knows how to find talent in people,” Eric Trump said, recalling how Mr. Baudreau used to chauffeur him to school. “He’s totally family,” he added.

Devotion is rewarded.

“To succeed in this company,” Mr. Garten said, “you have to be skilled, highly dedicated and highly loyal.”

Some appear to be hired based on other calculations.

For more than a decade, Ronald C. Lieberman oversaw the concession contracts for the New York City Department of Parks and Recreation, a post that required him to represent the interests of the city in a variety of deals with Mr. Trump.

Then, in 2007, Mr. Lieberman began working for a new employer. In his job as executive vice president for management and development at the Trump Organization, he has helped Mr. Trump win contracts to operate the Central Park carousel and the Ferry Point golf course in the Bronx, the very projects he handled on behalf of the city for years.

Ivanka Trump is generally seen as the second-most powerful person at the Trump Organization, while the 11 other executive vice presidents are all men — and all white.

There have been other senior female executives, like Cathy Hoffman Glosser, who oversaw the Trump Organization’s expansion into branding deals, part of its shift from building and buying real estate to selling the Trump name. (She left the company last year and did not respond to interview requests. Ms. Carlson said she left by choice to care for her baby, even though Mr. Trump made earnest attempts to keep her.)

Mr. Garten said that outside the top executive ranks, “there’s greater diversity in terms of gender and ethnicity,” adding, “I don’t have the numbers in front of me.”

Jill Martin, a vice president and assistant general counsel for litigation and employment, said in an interview last spring that diversity at the company was “less forced” than at the law firms where she previously worked.

“With the firms, there was a lot of attention placed on gender and ethnicity and trying to find the balance,” she said. “With the Trump Organization, I just felt like those things really fall by the wayside. What’s important is someone’s individual drive and talent.”

When Mr. Tiah was at Trump Tower to discuss the Vancouver partnership, he could not help noticing that female employees seemed to have something else in common.

“You have to be attractive?” he remembers thinking. “Is that a requirement?”
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Mr. Trump with the casino tycoon Phil Ruffin in 2005 at the ribbon-cutting ceremony for the Trump International Hotel Las Vegas. Mr. Ruffin remarked how heavily Mr. Trump was involved in the particulars. “He didn’t want just a TV in the bathroom; it had to be in the mirror so you can watch when you’re shaving,” he said. Credit Ethan Miller/Getty Images
Steeped in the Details

It was the mid-2000s, and Phil Ruffin was in search of a partner to develop a combined hotel and condominium tower on the Las Vegas Strip. Mr. Ruffin, a casino tycoon, owned the land, but he needed an investor, a brand name to license and a team to manage the construction and operations of the property.

Mr. Trump did not simply say yes to all three, Mr. Ruffin recalled. He threw himself into the details of the deal, pushing a bank to cut the interest rate on a loan by half, insisting that subcontractors lower their prices and requiring that everything about the 64-story tower reflect his taste.

“We’d tour, and he’d say, ‘This is wrong; this is right,’” Mr. Ruffin said. “The glass shower had to be etched glass because that’s the Trump way, more expensive. He didn’t want just a TV in the bathroom; it had to be in the mirror so you can watch when you’re shaving.”

Mr. Trump, he said, remained actively involved when the financial crisis hit in 2008, threatening the financial viability of the Las Vegas venture, and the two men flew to Washington to meet with a tax lawyer. As they pulled up chairs in his office, the lawyer encouraged the men to cut their losses and declare bankruptcy. It would provide them with a handsome tax deduction.

But Mr. Trump was adamant. “He said: ‘This is not Atlantic City; this is Las Vegas. I think it will recover,’” Mr. Ruffin said. Instead, he and Mr. Trump poured more money into the venture and continued to move forward.

Mr. Trump’s children have taken on increasing responsibility in recent years; they often solicit new projects and are the primary liaisons with partners. Two years ago, Eric Trump became the Trump Organization’s main point of contact for the Las Vegas tower, Mr. Ruffin said. Ivanka Trump initiated the leasing of the old Old Post Office building in Washington, envisioning it as a new Trump hotel.
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The Trump Organization
Click Here
An overview of Donald J. Trump’s globe-spanning business.


At least

    12 domestic properties

    5 international properties


At least

    8 domestic properties

    6 international properties

Entertainment and Television



    Production company

    Modeling agency


Has included


    Dress shirts




    Home accessories


Real estate

At least

    28 domestic properties

    9 international properties

Note: Properties include those owned, developed, managed or branded by the Trump Organization.

By Troy Griggs and Karen Yourish

But Mr. Trump has the final say on most deals, especially those involving his own money.

He has signed the licensing agreements, the leases — and the big checks. And the tangle of limited liability companies used to structure all of his deals revolve around a single point of power: Mr. Trump. As one former executive described it, the company is the “hub of a wheel, and he’s in the middle.”

The company adheres to few formal corporate guidelines or procedures.

When determining whether and how to enter business partnerships, nothing is decided by established committee, or through written recommendation by the children, Donald Trump Jr. explained in the 2011 deposition in the Florida case.

“Other companies can operate like bureaucrats” Mr. Tiah said. “They’re not like that.”

Even so, the executives are known for playing tough.

When seeking $470,000 in outstanding legal bills from the Trump Organization a decade ago, the lawyer Y. David Scharf accidentally included a single page of a separate legal bill to another client, the business magnate Carl C. Icahn.

How did Mr. Weisselberg, Mr. Trump’s chief financial officer, respond?

“Mr. Weisselberg threatened to call Mr. Icahn and utilize this inadvertent clerical error in an effort to embarrass Mr. Scharf and my firm — unless my firm agreed to a 50 percent discount on the outstanding legal bills,” David A. Piedra, a partner in Mr. Scharf’s firm, Morrison Cohen, wrote in a 2007 letter to a lawyer representing Mr. Trump.

“As I am sure you realize,” he wrote, “this threat, which smacks of extortion, is entirely inappropriate.”

Mr. Scharf said in an interview that his firm had resolved the matter and bore no ill will toward Mr. Weisselberg, the Trump Organization or Mr. Trump.

At the time of the election, Mr. Trump’s company was party to at least 75 lawsuits across the country, according to a nationwide tally by USA Today.

Mr. Garten said that not all of the lawsuits were substantial, but acknowledged that “we’re extremely hands-on and meticulous in the legal aspects of the business.”
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Donald Trump Jr. with Matthew Calamari, the chief operating officer of the company, at Trump National Golf Club Westchester in Briarcliff Manor, N.Y. Mr. Calamari was recruited in 1981 after Mr. Trump saw him eject some hecklers while working security at the United States Open tennis tournament. Credit Bobby Bank/Getty Images
Formidable Loyalties

As their boss advanced in the 2016 presidential race, Mr. Trump’s executives remained fierce and aggressive.

When The Daily Beast was preparing to publish an article about Mr. Trump’s first wife, Ivana, alleging in a divorce deposition that he had raped her, Michael Cohen, one of the organization’s executive vice presidents, wrongly insisted it was impossible for a husband to rape his wife and made threats. He warned that if the reporter moved ahead with the article, “I’m going to mess your life up,” according to The Daily Beast’s account.

It was just one of the many ways that Mr. Cohen had cultivated the image of a pit bull, a reputation he said was well deserved.

“Mr. Trump is more than just a boss to those of us who have been fortunate enough to be close to him, both professionally and personally,” he said in an interview. “He’s more like a patriarch, a mentor. These qualities make him very endearing to me, which is why I am so fiercely loyal to him and committed to protecting him at all costs.”

He was not the only seemingly tireless proponent — and protector — of Mr. Trump’s political pursuits. Mr. Garten, the general counsel, defended his boss’s record and fought back against allegations that he had groped women and engaged in other sexual misconduct. At points it appeared as if he were threatening legal action on a daily basis against anyone who criticized Mr. Trump, including The Times and other news outlets.

Last December, after Mr. Garten dangled the possibility of legal action against a “super PAC” promoting Jeb Bush and sent a cease-and-desist letter to an anti-tax group that ran $1 million in ads against Mr. Trump, supporters of Mr. Bush complained to the Federal Election Commission that the Trump Organization was illegally acting as an agent for the Trump campaign.

“Trump and his agents have explicitly directed his corporate attorneys at the Organization to do the dirty work for the campaign,” a lawyer wrote in the complaint, which is pending.

Six months later, Mr. Garten began to appear in the campaign’s financial reports. In the end, he was compensated by Mr. Trump for about $24,000 of legal work for the campaign and donated thousands more dollars’ worth of services as an in-kind contribution.

Mr. Garten said he saw many of the attacks on Mr. Trump as an attack on the company. It was his job to fight back, he said.
‘A Real Family Affair’

The president-elect’s deliberations over how to separate himself from his company coincided with one of its oldest and most celebrated traditions.

Jill Cremer, a former vice president at the Trump Organization, fondly recalls company Christmas parties at the Plaza Hotel, the Pierre or the Rainbow Room. Mr. Trump would hand out prizes — airline tickets, luggage, cameras — and would pose with employees for photos.
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“The Christmas party was always the highlight,” Ms. Cremer said. “It was a real family affair.”

This year, the celebration fell on Dec. 14, two nights after Mr. Trump said he would postpone announcing the details of his plan for the stewardship of the company.

He was facing a flurry of activity, including making cabinet picks and navigating calls with foreign leaders, but he found the time to stop by the atrium of Trump Tower, where the party has been held in recent years.

As hundreds of Trump Organization employees and guests nibbled on steak from Trump Grill and sipped wine from Trump Winery, Mr. Trump thanked the crowd for helping build the company that bears his name.

“You could see the love in the room,” Eric Trump said.

Wednesday, October 26, 2016

Donald Trump's Hollywood Walk of Fame star destroyed vandalized Demolish...

Donald Trump's Hollywood Walk of Fame star destroyed vandalized Demolished by James Lambert Otis
Donald Trump is always the object of critics, in two weeks the American presidential election. The star inaugurated in its honor in 2007 on Hollywood Boulevard, in Los Angeles, was vandalized, on Wednesday, October 26th, brings reports the American site Deadline . On Hollywood Boulevard, Walk of Fame gathers 2 500 stars of celebrities. They are selected by the chamber of commerce of Hollywood, explains Huffington Post.

James Lambert Otis declared to an agency of local information to have attacked the hammer and the pickaxe in this star. He originally wanted to extract all the star, to place it by auction and to pay the profit to the women who assert having been affected or sexually assaulted by the tycoon of the real estate, who deny these charges.
" I am not afraid of Donald Trump "

He did not however succeed in lifting the paving stone cemented in the road. " It was very difficult. The stone was as some marble " declared approximately one hour having vandalized the star in at about 5:45 am, a local time. James Lambert Otis added that he hoped to sell the pieces of the star taken and wanted to pursue his attempt of destruction later.

" I am not afraid of the prison and I am not certainly afraid of Donald Trump ", asserts this man who already says to have been stopped(arrested) about twenty times to have opposed several causes. The police of Los Angeles declared on Twitter that it investigated into the incident.

It is not the first time when Donald Trump's star is aimed. So, a mini-fort had been installed(settled) around this star, last July, to denounce(cancel) Donald Trump's will to set up a wall between the 
United States and Mexico.

Tuesday, August 30, 2016

women's best age to get pregnant

Ask several women what they think is the ideal age for pregnancy, and you'll get wildly different answers. Those who give birth in their early 20s benefit from seemingly boundless energy and í¼ber-resilient bodies; the 30-something new mom is grateful to have established herself in her career before taking maternity leave; the woman in her early 40s delivers with a strong sense of self and few qualms about being able to afford diapers.

But for every decade-related advantage, drawbacks exist. While age is a continuum—your eggs don't instantaneously shrivel the instant you extinguish the candles on your 35th birthday cake, for example—experts have a strong sense of which broad age groups are likely to confront specific physical, emotional, financial and relationship concerns when they become mothers.

Of course, these are generalizations. "Age and maturity do not always rise proportionally, and some women in their early 40s may be healthier than their 20-something counterparts, thanks to excellent lifestyle habits," says San Francisco-based pregnancy and postpartum psychologist Shoshana Bennett, Ph.D. "Everything depends on the woman's health, energy, personality and perspective on life." While you can't change your age, there are steps you can take to boost your odds of having a happy and healthy experience, no matter how old you are. Here's what you need to know.

IF YOU'RE 20-25

YOUR BODY: Physically, your body is primed for pregnancy and its demands. Fertility is high (though 7 percent of women do encounter trouble conceiving) and the risk for complications, such as hypertension or gestational diabetes, is low. Researchers know that the younger a woman is when her first baby is born, the lower her lifetime breast cancer risk is, though the exact mechanism is unknown.

While younger skin is generally more resilient than older skin, whether you'll develop stretch marks is largely determined by genetics. However, according to prenatal and postpartum fitness expert Lindsay Brin, author of How to Exercise While You're Expecting (Plume), "Younger women have an easier time regaining their prepregnancy body because their fascia—the layer of tissue that covers the muscles and acts as a sheath to keep our waistlines compact—have not been stretched out by previous pregnancies and/or weight gain."

More immediately, you'll benefit from boatloads of youthful energy. "Pulling an all-nighter with a barfing baby in my 20s was hard, but it didn't take quite the toll on me that it does now," confirms Charlotte Hilton Andersen, 32, who had her first child at 23 and her fifth at 31. Andersen and her husband, who live in Minneapolis, started young because "kids have more energy than a drill sergeant. We wanted to be able to enjoy them."

THE BABY: "The younger a woman is, the younger her eggs are, which means they are less prone to chromosomal mistakes," says Richard J. Paulson, M.D., director of the University of Southern California Fertility Program in Los Angeles. As a result, your baby's risk of any chromosomal abnormality (1 in 500) or of Down syndrome specifically (1 in 1,250) is relatively low. Because your eggs are so "fresh," the miscarriage rate—12 percent in the first trimester—is the lowest it will be from this point forward (the average for all ages is up to 25 percent).

YOUR MATURITY LEVEL: "Life experience helps us clarify what's important and what's not," Bennett says. "A younger couple may find themselves ill-prepared for the stress of a new baby," leading to arguments and marital dissatisfaction. On the upside, youth may lend a sense of fearlessness that older women, scarred by friends' parenting horror stories, might lack.

The loss of spontaneity that comes with motherhood may hit young moms harder than their elder counterparts, who've already had a chance to sow their wild oats; after all, breastfeeding and last-minute Vegas getaways don't exactly mix. "I often hear mothers in their 20s say they feel old prematurely," Bennett says. "Suddenly, they can't run out the door whenever they wish."

YOUR CAREER AND FINANCES: Most young moms haven't yet had the chance to climb the corporate ladder, so they lack the career stability, nest egg or maternity benefits of women who work for a decade or longer before conceiving. Indeed, Andersen's family took a huge financial hit. "We definitely feel we're behind our friends who have fancy houses, nice cars and no kids," she says. Bennett suggests that a young mom who wants to get a toehold in a career while her kids are still young take online courses or work part time.

YOUR RELATIONSHIPS: Chances are your child will grow up with young grandparents, or even with great-grandparents: free babysitting for you (assuming the folks aren't off seeing the world) and oodles of opportunities for your child to feel loved.

But with more women waiting to have their first child, you might feel disconnected from your friends, even bitter toward your baby. "As one of the first to get pregnant, I felt like I lost an entire group of friends," Andersen remembers. "We moved out of the city and they stayed, going clubbing while we hit the children's museums and were asleep by 9 p.m."

Don't let jealousy or resentment mark your new-mom experience. "Make a list of what you think you lost and build more of that into your life," Bennett suggests. Miss going dancing with the girls on Saturday nights? Ask your partner to stay home; you can repay the favor next week.

You can also view this as an opportunity to grow your stable of friendships. "New friends offer fresh perspectives," says Diane Ross Glazer, Ph.D., a psychotherapist in Tarzana, Calif., who had a child in her 20s, 30s and 40s. "Because they are at the same stage in life, their advice and insights can be relevant and helpful."

IF YOU'RE 26 -34

YOUR BODY: "A woman who has her first child at 34 is likely, in health terms, to be 14 years younger than a woman who gives birth at 18," says University of Texas-Austin sociology professor John Mirowsky, Ph.D., who has led research on the subject funded by the National Institute on Aging. In other words, women who give birth in their late teens develop more health problems than those who wait until their early 30s.

True, natural fertility begins to gradually decline at 30 (the infertility rate for women age 26 to 29 is 9 percent, increasing to 15 percent for 30- to 34-year-olds), although the odds that fertility treatments will work remain high. But by delaying motherhood, women protect themselves from job, relationship and financial stresses that "make them biologically susceptible to disease and psychologically susceptible to poor health habits," Mirowsky explains. And fortunately, your energy and stamina should still be high. However, many studies have found the Cesarean section rate to be nearly twice as high among women ages 30 to 34 versus those in their 20s.

THE BABY: Miscarriage rates rise to 12 percent to 15 percent. Down syndrome risk remains low until age 30, when it is 1 in 1,000 and 1 in 400 for any chromosomal abnormality; by 35, the risk rises to 1 in 400 and 1 in 200, respectively. Children born to mothers who were 30 or older at first delivery are more likely to score higher in high school testing, a likely effect of advanced parental education and resources, says Elizabeth Gregory, Ph.D., director of the Women's, Gender & Sexuality Studies program at the University of Houston.

YOUR MATURITY LEVEL: You're in a chronological hotspot when it comes to preparing for motherhood. "You still have the youthfulness of your 20s but are moving toward the responsibility and maturity of your 40s," observes Glazer. However, women who have spent most of their 20s in school (women account for 58 percent of adults ages 25 to 29 with advanced degrees) might want to delay pregnancy as they establish their careers.

Your body image may benefit from an age-ripened self-esteem. "In my 20s, it sucked seeing my nonpregnant friends in low-rise jeans and bikinis while I had my maternity belly," says Andersen. "But in my 30s, I was comfortable enough with my pregnant body to wear more body-conscious clothing. And after my third baby was born, I was more comfortable with my changed body than my friends who were experiencing stretch marks and mummy tummies for the first time."

YOUR CAREER AND FINANCES: "At this age, women often feel they're at a crossroads, career-wise: that if they choose the mommy path and stay home, they're saying goodbye to their career," Bennett says. "On the other hand, there's a tremendous amount of guilt and worry that if they return to work, their baby will bond with the day-care provider."

Bennett suggests that you decide what is best for you and your family at this time, and make a date on your calendar in six months to reassess. "Give yourself total permission to change your mind," she says. "That way you can stop obsessing and you're not locked in. Don't let fear make your decision for you—that always backfires."

YOUR RELATIONSHIPS: Mothers in this age group frequently enjoy strong bonds with fellow moms. And assuming you and your partner are both armed with emotional maturity, your relationship is likely in prime shape to handle parenthood. On the other hand, Sandwich Generation mothers "often find themselves pulled between caring for their children and their aging parents, which can lead to burnout and depression," Bennett notes.

IF YOU'RE 35 -40

YOUR BODY: One in 5 women in this age group will have trouble conceiving, with fertility nosediving at 38. Still, more children are now born to women 35 and older than to teenagers, according to a 2010 Pew Research Center survey. In fact, 1 in 7 U.S. births is now to women 35 and older (in 1970, it was just 1 in 100).

Hypertension affects 10 percent to 20 percent of pregnant women in this age group (versus 4 percent to 7 percent for women ages 20 to 25); gestational diabetes is two to three times more common in women age 35 and older than in younger women; and recent studies show the risk is even higher if the woman has gained weight over the years. Maintaining an ideal weight through exercise and healthy eating offers some protection.

THE BABY: One in 4 pregnancies among women in this age group will end in miscarriage, and the risk of chromosomal abnormalities goes up exponentially: At 38, the risk of any chromosomal abnormality is 1 in 100. While you can't prevent such abnormalities (aside from using donor eggs), accurate prenatal screening and diagnostic tests do exist. Women age 35 and older are more likely to conceive twins, regardless of whether they use fertility treatments, because hormonal changes increase the likelihood of multiple egg release during ovulation.

YOUR MATURITY LEVEL: Susan Lusty, 46, of Seattle, is happy she waited until age 38 to become a mom. "I had a life full of travel and adventure before having kids," she says. "I would have felt like I was missing out on the world if I had been saddled with a child in my 20s or early 30s." Gregory says this was a common sentiment among the 113 35-plus-year-old women she interviewed for her book Ready: Why Women Are Embracing the New Later Motherhood (Basic Books): "You have a sense of having seen the world and grown through your responses, so when you're ready to start a family, you bring more resources. You know yourself better."

But knowing yourself better means knowing what you like, and Gregory says older women may struggle with adapting to a new lifestyle, one that may require you to skip the yoga class you've faithfully attended twice a week for the past decade. Combat any resentment by recasting your new schedule in a positive light: Soon you'll be able to teach your 3-year-old how to Downward Dog.

YOUR CAREER AND FINANCES: By this point, you are likely to own a home and are able to start saving for your child's education. You've carved out your career niche and proven yourself at work. Lusty, who had been vice president at two public relations firms before her son's arrival, says she didn't fear a mass exodus of clients when she got pregnant because "they knew I'd be back." After his birth, she worked from home—a nonexistent luxury when she was younger and trying to prove herself at an agency.

YOUR RELATIONSHIPS: Your parents are likely retired or about to be, which means they might be freed up to help you. Eighty-five percent of women older than 35 are married, so ideally you'll have your partner's physical and emotional support. You've watched some friends raise their families and learned from their successes and mistakes, notes Gregory, who had her first child at 39. (Her grandmother had her eighth baby at the same age!) "Draw on them as allies," she says. "They can offer valuable input on their decision-making processes."

Then again, with more women delaying childbirth, you'll benefit from a community of women who are figuring out older motherhood alongside you. Cathy Gast Feroe, 62, from Larkspur, Calif., gave birth at 24, 25 and 39 and cherished this sense of camaraderie after her third delivery: "I feared I'd be the oldest mom on the playground, but I met so many other women having babies in their late 30s after pursuing further education and careers who could now take quality time for themselves and their babies."

IF YOU'RE 40-plus

YOUR BODY: Births to mothers 40 and older more than doubled between 1990 and 2008, from 50,245 to 113,576. Still, nearly one-third of women older than 40 will struggle with infertility. And rates of both pre-existing and gestational diabetes are three to six times higher. But waiting offers a silver lining: Women who have their first baby at 40 or older live longer on average, likely a result of enhanced access to medical care and financial stability.

According to fitness expert Brin, the average 40-year-old will have gained 10 pounds of fat and lost 5 pounds of muscle since turning 30. "That slows your metabolism and makes it harder to bounce back after pregnancy," she says. Maintain a regular exercise regimen during and after pregnancy and practice Kegels to counter age- and weight-related pregnancy complications, such as gestational diabetes, urinary incontinence and uterine prolapse. Join a fitness center with day care and remember: Lifting children is a weight-bearing exercise! Gregory notes that many of these moms will enter menopause when their child is a teen—a double hor- monal whammy that "might strike fear into a few hearts," she says.

THE BABY: Half of these preg- nancies will end in miscarriage, and the risk of chromosomal abnormalities nearly doubles from age 35 to 40 (it's 1 in 60 at age 40; 1 in 40 at age 42). Eldercare will be a responsibility for most children of older parents. Lighten your own kids' future load by purchasing long-term health care insurance for yourself, and do everything you can to stay healthy.

YOUR MATURITY LEVEL: New moms over age 40 often fully embody the "I can have it all— serially" philosophy. "They feel like they've done the things they wanted—whether that's climbing Mount Everest, practicing law or partying—before having kids," Gregory says. They report feeling more comfortable in their own skin and having more patience than they did in their 20s or 30s. Lusty recalls the week her second child was born, when she was 41: "My husband had the stomach flu and was quarantined. My grandmother died, I had no help, and both the baby and my 3-year-old were crying. I just laughed and thought, 'I can do this.' I don't know if I would've had that sense of calmness when I was younger."

YOUR CAREER AND FINANCES: By this point, hopefully, you've saved enough money that you can afford to hire help. Women in their 40s excel at time management, Glazer says, equipping them to effectively juggle work and parenthood. Data indicate that women who wait to become moms are more likely than others to keep working because they've got the clout to negotiate flexible hours as well as a decent pay grade. But considering you've already been working for 20-plus years, you may feel ready to dial back a bit at work, quit working entirely for a while or even explore new career options.

YOUR RELATIONSHIPS: According to Gregory's research, older working moms often feel more isolated in the suburbs, where many women are younger and tend to stay home with their children. Consider this if you decide to move, or consider joining a Later Moms support group. Be prepared to face some criticism along the lines of, "But you'll be 60 when she's in college!" "Ignore them," Bennett advises. Instead, cultivate the attitude, "We'll love this child so much and we'll launch her into the future with other loving, caring people." Ensure that your child will be cared for after you are gone by updating your will, establishing a trust fund and handpicking mentors in advance. "If you're in a position to love that child and give her what she needs, go for it and don't let anyone tell you it's not possible or you shouldn't," Bennett says.

Monday, August 29, 2016

Drake trying to kiss Rihanna in speech pic VMA 2016

Drake trying to kiss Rihanna pic speech VMA 2016

Poor Drake has been roasted on Twitter after he leaned in to kiss Rihanna at the MTV Video Music Awards on Sunday.

The rapper - who professed his love with the singer - presented his friend with the prestigious Vanguard prize, and in a sweet moment he leaned in for a kiss, pecking her on the cheek and nuzzling his head .

Unfortunately for the star, Twitter is convinced he got "curved" and have taken aim with a number of playful digs after the 'awkward' moment.
A lot of the tweets seemed to suggest Drake - who said he has loved the Barbadian star since he was 22 - has found himself in the 'friend zone'.
Captioning the picture with what they thought RiRi might have said, one user joked: "One day you're gonna make someone really happy."

    "One day you're gonna make someone really happy."
    — Miss Carter (@KimmyBimmyWimmy) August 29, 2016

    It's so funny the way Drake is getting all soppy and declaring his love for Rihanna and she's just there laughing and dabbing
    — CocainePapi (@iLa_Corleone) August 29, 2016

Another wrote: "It's so funny the way Drake is getting all soppy and declaring his love for Rihanna and she's just there laughing and dabbing"

Many viewers seemed VERY amused by the near-kiss - despite Drake meeting her family backstage - with some taking possible inspiration from RiRi.

    When Drake murders the speech, confesses his love, leans in for the kiss and only catches cheek.... #Rihanna's Curve Level: God Mode
    — Oz Al Ghul (@letsgetfree13) August 29, 2016

    Rihanna wriggling out of Drake's kiss is gonna make Madonna's night #VMAs
    — Kyle Buchanan (@kylebuchanan) August 29, 2016

"When Drake murders the speech, confesses his love, leans in for the kiss and only catches cheek.... #Rihanna's Curve Level: God Mode," one fan tweeted.

Another teased Drake, adding: "@Drake the type to say: Rihanna didn't curve me. She just playing hard to get"

Wednesday, August 24, 2016

How to prevent teenage obesity and eating disorders

While the food habits of the teenagers in May seem to be one of the most mysterious of the complexities of the life, it really is up to the parents to try and at least to offer the most sensible and the modelling of orientation. With the concerns about the teenagers in the use of the unhealthy weights tricks and the obstinacy of losses problem of the obesity, American Academy of Pediatrics finalized an approach based on proofs to obtain our children simply well have to eat. And to be honest, the parents are to against a lot of competition - between the marketing junk food and madman's ascendancy of the unhealthy food of the floods the landscape in combination with the media and of the obsession of the thinness cultural, it is incredible to see a largest number of us do not content themselves completely short circuit. Or maybe to make for us and it is the problem.
No matter, the new guidelines make so much common sense. They can seem oversimple, but they work to build a robust pit(core) - and it is really at the heart of good habits. If we can offer to the children a frame(executive) of solid reference from which to make decisions, it is an anchor point who can last all the life.

The scientific proofs summarized in the new recommendations reveal that the parents(relatives) can adorn problems in both extremities of the weighty spectre simply by emphasizing a healthy lifestyle rather than the reduction with zero in the weight or the slimming diets.

" The scientific proofs more and more show that for the teenagers, it is to follow a slimming diet ", told by bad news Neville Golden, MD, professor of paediatrics the Faculty of Medicine of the University of Stanford and a main author of the new guidelines. The teenagers who are on a diet in ninth year may three times more than their peers to make some stoutness in 12th year, he points out. So, the teenagers need food! Calorie-comptage diets can deprive organs growing of the energy which they need and to cause(provoke) symptoms of the anorexia nervosa, even when the teenager can not seem too thin.

Five stages are recommended for all the teenagers, not only to those who can have weighty problems:

1. The parents and the doctors should not encourage slimming diets.

2. The parents should avoid of " talk weight ", such as comments on their own weight or the weight of their kid.

" The mothers who speak about their own body and about masses can, inadvertently, encourage their children to have the physical dissatisfaction, which we see in half of the teenagers and a quarter of the boys, declared Sgt Golden.

3. The parents should never tease the teenagers of their weights.

4. Families should eat regular meals together.
Family meals to protect against the weighty problems, although why behind whom is known with certainty. Golden thinks that she can be partially because the teenagers obtain to see their parents of the modelling of a healthy food(supply).

5. The parents should help their children to develop a healthy physical by encouraging them to eat a balanced diet and to exercise some physical condition, no loss of weight.

Also see 
Preventing Obesity in Children, Teens, and Adults
Preventing Childhood Obesity: Tips for Parents and Caretakers
How to Prevent Teenage Obesity
Tips for Parents – Ideas to Help Children Maintain a Healthy Weight
Teenage Obesity How to prevent teenage obesity
How Can Overweight and Obesity Be Prevented?
Preventing obesity in teenagers
5 Ways You Can Help Prevent Childhood Obesity
10 Truly Effective Ways to Prevent Childhood Obesity in Schools
Obesity Prevention  

Sunday, June 19, 2016

Colorado mountain lion attack

Colorado mountain lion attack 2016


Summoned by the sound of screams, a Colorado woman raced to her front yard to find a terrifying sight: A mountain lion was hunched over her 5-year-old son, biting him.
The woman charged the animal, yanked away one of its paws and discovered her son's whole head was in its mouth. She didn't back down.

"She was able to pry the cat's jaws open," Pitkin County Sheriff's Deputy Michael Buglione said. "She's a hero."

The boy suffered deep cuts to his head, face and neck and was flown to a Denver hospital. The mother, who also had scratches and bites, is credited with saving his life.

The ordeal started Friday evening when the 5-year-old and his older brother were playing outside their home near the resort town of Aspen, Buglione said.

When the woman ran outside, she found the mountain lion crouched over her younger son, who was struggling to get free.

"The boy was completely under the cat," Buglione told The Aspen Times.

The mother grabbed the lion's mouth and pried it open, freeing the boy. She then scooped him up and ran away, the deputy said.

The boy's father had just returned from a run when the attack occurred. He jumped in the car with his wife and son and called 911 as they sped to the Aspen hospital.

From there, the child was flown to Children's Hospital in Denver in fair condition. On Saturday, a hospital spokeswoman told the Times she was not authorized to release any details on his condition.

The mother suffered bite marks on her hand and scratches on her leg, authorities said. She was treated and released.

The family members' names were not released.

The mountain lion was estimated to be about 2 years old and was not fully grown.

"It wasn't a big cat," Buglione said. "Had it been a 110-pound lion — which I've seen around here — this would have been a much different story."

Wildlife officials killed two mountain lions in the area within several hours of the attack. The animals were being examined to determine if they were hungry, diseased or just in the wrong place at the wrong time.

Colorado is home to up to 4,500 mountain lions, and they sometimes wander into urban areas looking for food, according to state wildlife officials. Since 1990, mountain lions have killed three people and injured 18 in the state.

"They're wild animals. They find habitat where they can forage for food," Colorado Parks and Wildlife spokesman Matt Robbins said. "When you have bunnies, you're likely to find foxes or coyotes. If you have deer, there is a good chance you'll find mountain lions."

The last known lion attack on a human in Colorado was in July 2015, wildlife officials said. A young lion attacked a man as he fished north of Dotsero, about 60 miles from where Friday's attack occurred. The man suffered scratches and bites on his back and was treated at a local clinic and released.

The lion in that incident, described as a small, yearling male, was tracked and killed.


Saturday, April 30, 2016

women right to vote usa

The 19th amendment guarantees all American women the right to vote. Achieving this milestone required a lengthy and difficult struggle; victory took decades of agitation and protest. Beginning in the mid-19th century, several generations of woman suffrage supporters lectured, wrote, marched, lobbied, and practiced civil disobedience to achieve what many Americans considered a radical change of the Constitution. Few early supporters lived to see final victory in 1920.

Beginning in the 1800s, women organized, petitioned, and picketed to win the right to vote, but it took them decades to accomplish their purpose. Between 1878, when the amendment was first introduced in Congress, and August 18, 1920, when it was ratified, champions of voting rights for women worked tirelessly, but strategies for achieving their goal varied. Some pursued a strategy of passing suffrage acts in each state—nine western states adopted woman suffrage legislation by 1912. Others challenged male-only voting laws in the courts. Militant suffragists used tactics such as parades, silent vigils, and hunger strikes. Often supporters met fierce resistance. Opponents heckled, jailed, and sometimes physically abused them.

By 1916, almost all of the major suffrage organizations were united behind the goal of a constitutional amendment. When New York adopted woman suffrage in 1917 and President Wilson changed his position to support an amendment in 1918, the political balance began to shift.

On May 21, 1919, the House of Representatives passed the amendment, and 2 weeks later, the Senate followed. When Tennessee became the 36th state to ratify the amendment on August 18, 1920, the amendment passed its final hurdle of obtaining the agreement of three-fourths of the states. Secretary of State Bainbridge Colby certified the ratification on August 26, 1920, changing the face of the American electorate forever.